The Difference between Qualitative Method and Quantitative Method (Complete) –

The Difference between Qualitative Method and Quantitative Method (Complete) –
– #Difference #Qualitative #Method #Quantitative #Method #Complete – Here we will provide a complete or detailed explanation of the differences between the Qualitative Method and the Quantitative Method. Therefore, please refer to this article to the end.

As someone who is involved in the academic world, a scientist will research various things about one subject. The research that is carried out will usually focus on one core problem with certain problem boundaries.

The environment and variables related to the core of the problem will be limited and controlled so that ongoing research can provide precise results and can be observed accurately.

Student is one of the many jobs that are often related to research. Research carried out by students is usually related to a thesis that is done at the end of the lecture period. With research that is done neatly, these students can give good final thesis results and get good grades.

Research and thesis often use two main methods, namely qualitative and quantitative methods. These two methods are different, a core problem can be examined from these two different methods.

Suppose there is a problem A, students and researchers can choose the path of qualitative or quantitative methods, depending on the problem and the need for solving the problem. Let’s look at the qualitative methods and quantitative methods in the review below.

Research methods

A research requires a lot of things that must be considered. The writing format is the most important. Each agency has a different research report writing format.

This happens because each agency has its own standards in making reports. So that when the report is read by people from the same agency, there will be no misunderstanding with the data and information contained therein.

In the writing format, there are several main requirements that are usually applied by an agency. These terms usually include the number of images listed, table type, font, spacing, and so on.

If they do not follow the conditions that have been set, students are usually asked to correct the parts that do not fit the existing format. Until the writing is in accordance with the format, then the report can be accepted by the agency.

Good research is research that uses all aspects of writing and comprehension at a high level. Not doing it haphazardly is one of the other main requirements because usually reports to an agency are formal matters.

In addition to the writing format, the formal rules that are usually emphasized in a report are the methods in the research. Depending on the institution, there are usually two types of methods suggested by the agency, namely the quantitative method and the qualitative method.

What is the Quantitative Method?

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Research reports usually contain the methods used when conducting the research. One of them is the quantitative method. In simple terms, the quantitative method is a research method that is carried out by “counting” some data using statistical and other methods. In this method, statistical methods and models are very influential on the research results obtained.

With a deeper discussion, quantitative research is systematic scientific research by paying attention to an event from the side of a causal relationship. Causality means that several events are related to each other and influence each other.

Quantitative research aims to develop and use a mathematical model. Theories, hypotheses, and natural phenomena are also used in this method because they are considered as things related to the problem being studied.

Apart from paying attention to events, the data obtained on the problem object is also calculated and measured using mathematical methods. Therefore, many people call the quantitative method a “calculation” method.

Because it uses a lot of systems and mathematical equations to process existing data. Although considered a mathematical method, quantitative methods are actually widely used in various branches of science.

Natural sciences and social sciences, both of which can be researched using quantitative methods, not only natural sciences. Approaches through quantitative methods are also able to provide information that cannot be seen through the human eye. In fact, quantitative methods can be used to “predict” various future events, especially when using appropriate statistical methods.

Quantitative Method Features

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Quantitative methods have their own characteristics in processing data and issuing information and conclusions at the end of the report. Because using data in the form of numbers, researchers usually use several methods related to statistical numbers, for example using surveys. The characteristics of the quantitative method are:

  1. Tools or instruments used in research are tools that have been determined and well organized. These instruments are usually in the form of questionnaires, questionnaires, or surveys obtained from mass data
  2. Limiting research from other possibilities so that the process and results are inflexible and unimaginative
  3. Quantitative research usually has a wide scope with complex variations and is difficult to study with other methods
  4. The discussion of problems focuses more on the surface, so that usually the discussion in research reports is not in-depth

What is the Qualitative Method?

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In simple terms, a qualitative method is a method that “describes” a problem using direct or partial analysis. Usually, this research uses descriptive methods without emphasizing the statistical side of a problem. Going deeper, qualitative research is scientific research that tends to show processes and meanings from a subjective perspective.

The available theoretical basis is used as a reference point so that the qualitative research carried out is in accordance with the facts in the field. In addition, the theoretical basis is also used as an overview for the research setting as well as material for discussion of research results.

Fundamental differences from the use of theoretical basis seen in quantitative research and quantitative research. If quantitative research uses theory and then processes data which produces evidence of the theory used, qualitative research departs from data, uses existing theory as a reference, then produces a new theory.

Unlike quantitative research, the objects of qualitative research usually have a limited number. Research using qualitative methods also depends on the researcher because it requires in-depth analysis.

In addition, the results of qualitative research are subjective. This causes qualitative research reports cannot be generalized to any similar incidents at different times and places. If the results of qualitative research conflict with the theories and concepts used as references in the research, new theories or concepts may emerge.

Characteristics of the Qualitative Method

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Qualitative methods also have their own characteristics in processing data, especially the final results of the research. Because qualitative research usually uses interviews as the main method, a lot of data is obtained from the original condition of a problem. The characteristics of the qualitative method are:

  1. The data obtained in qualitative research is data from the original or natural conditions of a problem under study (natural setting).
  2. The main tool or instrument of qualitative research is the researcher because he is the one who collects the data and the main actor who is directly involved in the interview
  3. The data collected is in the form of descriptive. This data is processed as writing on research reports
  4. Process is given more attention than the end result in qualitative research reports
  5. The background of the actions done by a person on a problem will be searched for its meaning
  6. Using data triangulation method
  7. Contextual details are highlighted in qualitative research

Differences between Qualitative and Quantitative Methods

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Because qualitative and quantitative research methods have fundamental differences, there are many differences between the two. From various sides, these two methods are indeed different, but differences do not always mean contradiction. Some of the differences between the quantitative method and the qualitative method are:

Research design

  • Because qualitative methods are general, flexible, and dynamic, research can evolve throughout the research process
  • Because quantitative methods are specific, detailed, and static, the course of research is planned from the start and cannot be changed

Data analysis

  • While research is in progress, qualitative research can be directly analyzed
  • Quantitative methods are only analyzed at the final stage before the report.

Terms of Research Subjects

  • Qualitative research subjects are called resource persons
  • Quantitative research subjects are called respondents

Ways of Viewing Facts

  • The way researchers process field data determines the perspective of facts from qualitative research. This is due to the existence of things that cannot be explained by numbers, for example human feelings and mindsets.
  • Quantitative research upholds data generated from the field, whatever happens in the field is available fact. Researchers cannot be subjective in quantitative research.

Data collection

  • Qualitative research focuses more on problems that cannot be described simply by “yes/no” or “true/false”, so a deeper analysis is needed in qualitative research.
  • Quantitative research processes the collected data using predetermined criteria. The quality of quantitative research is determined by the number of respondents involved in the research because the more respondents, the more “fair” the data obtained.

Data Representation

  • Qualitative research usually produces descriptive reports containing the results of the researcher’s analysis of the phenomena that occur
  • Quantitative research produces calculations from a set of data obtained from the field. The validity of the research results depends on the validity and reliability of the instrument (questionnaire)

Implications of Research Results

  • The results of qualitative research are limited to the situation, place, time, and research subjects so that the results cannot be generalized to different conditions
  • Quantitative research produces facts or theories that can be used in conditions other than when the research takes place

Kinds of Methods

  • Typically, qualitative methods include case studies, phenomenology, ethnography, place history, and grounded theory
  • Typically, qualitative methods include experiments, surveys, correlations, path analysis, and ex post facto

Research purposes

  • Qualitative research aims to create in-depth understanding, develop theory, describe reality and human social complexity
  • Quantitative research aims to test theories, explain relationships between variables, and generalize social phenomena

Data Type

  • The data from the qualitative research are descriptive and explorative
  • Data from quantitative research are of the numerical and statistical types


Thus a review of qualitative methods and quantitative methods and their differences. If you are working on a thesis or research, don’t make the mistake of using the method in that research.

The difference between these two methods is usually used as a reference in a study that uses these two methods at once on one main problem. Hopefully this article is useful for all of us. Happy reading!



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