Types Of State Threats, From Attacks To Information Technology – Kuri007
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State threats are anything that can harm or weaken a state. In general, state threats are divided into two types, military and non-military.
Law No. 3 of 2002 states that military threats are types of threats by the use of the military that threaten the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the country, as well as national security.
The following are types of military threats:
1. Acts of Fear
Terrorism is an attempt to create fear, dread, and cruelty in a person or group. In fact, terror is carried out by those trained or trained in the military. Indonesia itself is also not spared from many acts of terrorism, whether they are carried out by its domestic network or international terrorist networks.
2. Armed Rebellion
Rebellion is armed resistance to the authority of the state. Disagreement with authority is manifested by taking up arms to undermine the challenged authority. Since independence, Indonesia has faced several insurgencies.
Aggression is the threat of the use of armed forces by one country against another country. The Dutch II military invasion of Yogyakarta in 1949 is a case in point.
4. Breach of Location
Territorial violations are acts that threaten the territorial integrity and sovereignty of the state and endanger the nation within the state. Violations can be done by using planes or ships. For example, the rampant activity of Chinese fishing boats entering Indonesian waters in Natuna.
Espionage is the act of scouting with the intention of seeking as much information as possible, in any form in order to discover a country’s weaknesses. seeking or obtaining secret documents sought by other countries. The act of espionage is highly secretive and largely unknown.
Sabotage is the act of damaging installations and valuables that cause chaos. Vandalism is done quietly, stealthily, and premeditated and can have very positive psychological effects.
7. Civil War
A civil war is a conflict between groups of people using weapons. Indonesia has had civil wars in many places, which were caused by religious sentiments in Ambon.
This threat threatens the vision of the Pancasila regime which directly threatens the integrity of the country. Threatening ideologies include communism-socialist and liberal-capitalist.
Political threats can be used to exert political pressure on a country. Historical experience has shown that political threats can overthrow the government of a country.
3. The economy
The state of the country’s economy determines the country’s defense capabilities. Therefore, economic threats also affect the integrity and existence of the country. Threats with economic dimensions are diverse such as inflation, unemployment, etc. and external in the form of poor economic performance, low competitiveness, dependence on foreign countries and readiness to face the era of globalization.
4. Social and Cultural Affairs
This is a threat in the form of social issues such as poverty, ignorance, backwardness and injustice that often provoke horizontal and vertical conflicts.
5. Information Technology
This type of threat is caused by the rapid development of technology. These changes have led to the disappearance of barriers and distances for everyone to be able to access information, whether it is true or false. The Arab Spring in 2011 can be an example of how information technology can threaten a country or a country’s ruling regime.